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What Is The Best Whole House Water Filter For Lead?

What is the best whole house filter for lead

In recent times the problem with water contamination has become global as it affects virtually all the countries around the world. Water can be contaminated with various sorts of pollutants, some of them are more harmful than others, but one of the most common and dangerous ones is definitely lead.

In order to resolve this rather annoying issue, many people have decided upon whole house filters as the optimal solution. Some systems cover multiple types of pollutants, while some are designed to deal with just one.

Read on to learn all you need to know before determining what the best whole house water filter for lead really is.

Where Does the Lead Come From?

There are no safe levels of lead, according to the United States Environmental Protection Agency. If you’re living in a home older than 20-30 years, you are much more likely to have lead in your tap water.

It usually comes from corroded service pipes, fixtures, and faucets that provide you with water. Alkalinity and acidity of the water may also be responsible for the corrosion that results in lead entering the water.

The same can be said about the temperature of the water.

Lead Is Extremely Harmful

Lead is very harmful and it can cause numerous medical problems and conditions, especially in children. Prolonged and continuous exposure to lead in water (in appreciable amount) can be lead to anemia, hearing problems, slow growth, hyperactivity, lower IQ, and other learning and behavior problems.

Test Your Water First

Before deciding on a whole house water filter system, you should get your water tested first. You can check the latest Consumer Confidence Report from your local water utility, but if that’s not good enough for you, you can have your water tested.

You can’t really see, smell, or taste lead dissolved in your water, so it’s best to contact one of the certified laboratories to perform a test. This can cost anywhere from $20 to $100 or more, depending on whether you’re sending the sample away to be tested or if you need a technician to come over.

What Is The Best Whole House Water Filter For Lead

What Can You Do?

Before deciding on a filter or whole house filtering system for lead, there are a few tips and tricks which can greatly reduce the amount of lead in your tap water.

If you run your water until it becomes really cold, you are reducing the amount of lead greatly, as it tends to accumulate in stagnant water. Also don’t use hot water for drinking or cooking, as the amount of lead accumulated in the water increases with temperature.

Installing a whole house water filter for lead that covers your entire home is the best and safest option, even though in most cases it’s not the cheapest one. This is done by installing the filter on the main water line after the meter but before it branches out to different parts of your house.

What Does a Whole House Water Filter Do?

To put it shortly, a whole house water filter system for lead is the only way of having filtered water of the same quality at every outlet in your home. This is why this is a far better solution than point-of-entry filters.

Most systems are built so that they can withstand high usage and they will be very handy when it comes to getting rid of chlorine, sediments, odor, foul taste, and other contaminants such as heavy metals, bacteria, VOCs, pesticides, and herbicides.

What Type of System Do You Need?

Depending on your needs, you can choose from a wide variety of whole house water filter systems on the market.

The simplest systems only filter out sediments, so unfortunately they are not meant for filtering heavy metals like lead.

There are also UV systems which rely on the treatment of water with ultraviolet light so that it gets rid of foul tastes and odors. They don’t work on lead, so steer clear of these, too.

The most expensive and effective whole house water filtering systems are the so-called high-efficiency ones. These are the ones you’re looking for as they are the only efficient water filter system that can remove lead from your tap water.

In most cases, they utilize multi-stage filtration so they can reduce a vast amount of different contaminants. Usually, they include sediment filters, ceramic filters, carbon block filters, granular activated carbon filters, and KDF filter media.

Systems that include ceramic filters are especially good at improving the overall quality of your health. The blend of four different types of active ceramic components removes the contaminants, but they also add minerals and antioxidants to your water.

By doing so, they make your water more alkaline and they provide a healthy pH balance, along with filtering out lead.

Maintenance and Care

As is the case with most types of systems with multiple components, it is very important to take care of your whole house water filter system for lead and change all the filters according to the manufacturer’s instructions and specifications.

The greatest challenge here is to actually remember to do so, because not all the filters in your water filtration system need to be changed at the same time intervals.

Whatever the recommended period is, it depends on the total amount of water going through the filter and the level of contamination. So if your water is dirty and your household uses a lot of water, you might have to change the filters more often.

Not changing the filters in your water filtration system may result in various issues such as damage to the system, water contamination, malfunctions, clogging, low water pressure, and even bacterial growth.

Final Thoughts

You can’t live without water, so you should always do whatever it takes to provide your family with the finest quality tap water for drinking and cooking, that contains no lead

Hopefully, this article will help you with the lead contamination problems at your home. This is not an issue that should be overlooked as lead is one of the most poisonous heavy metals out there.

Installing the best whole house water filter for lead will greatly reduce the risk of many health problems and provide you and your family with the better overall quality of life.

March 2, 2019

Best Whole House Water Filter to Remove Fluoride and Chlorine

Best Whole House Water Filter to Remove Fluoride and Chlorine

Your water is full of impurities. Some are put there on purpose. While others are there because of inefficient filtering. How do you protect your family from these additives? And what’s the best whole house water filter to remove fluoride and chlorine?

Investing in a whole house water filter system would be your best bet. But there are so many to choose from. How do you know which is right for you?

Keep reading to find out your options to remove fluoride and chlorine from your water. And get you one step closer to healthier and cleaner drinking water from your tap.

Why Remove Fluoride?

Does your city add fluoride to the drinking water? Don’t be surprised because many cities do it.

What started out as good intentions has turned into a debate mired in controversy. Why?

At first, municipalities wanted to help promote dental health and prevent tooth decay. So they fluoridated the water. The problem lies in the fact that fluoride is a toxin and may cause different health problems after long-term exposure.

You do have some options to remove fluoride from your drinking water. Even if you can’t control the water that’s pumped into your home.

Option 1 – Deionization with Ion Exchange Resin 

Using a special resin, this deionization process traps fluoride ions. During this process, other ions are released or exchanged into the water. Deionization is commonly used to soften hard water. However, making sure it has an Ion Exchange Resin may also remove fluoride from your home’s water supply.

Option 2 – Activated Alumina 

This process uses activated alumina oxide. It’s made from a natural mineral called corundum. Because it attracts fluoride, activated alumina can capture and absorb it out of your drinking water. This type is relatively popular for households that want to remove fluoride from their water for their entire home.

Option 3 – Bone Char

Bone char is what it sounds like. It’s a form of carbon derived from charring animal bones. Usually, cattle bones are used for this media. This type of carbon filter works by attracting and exchanging ions with heavy metals and fluoride.

Though it can be used for whole house filters, you may want to take precautions when using this type of media. Be careful that the bone char source is medical grade. And it is not derived from the bones of infected or sick animals.

Why Remove Chlorine?

Water chlorination began as a way to free drinking water from dangerous pathogens. When used correctly, it can prevent the transmission of diseases caused by bacteria, viruses, and worms.

However, too much chlorination can lead to health problems. And it’s also widely debated that exposure to chlorinated water may lead to serious long-term illnesses, including cancer.

Whole house water filters can remove chlorine from your drinking water and help keep your family safe.

Option 1 – Carbon 

One of the most common filter types available is carbon. It removes many types of chemicals from water, including chlorine. It’s also popular because it removes bad taste and smell that may be present in tap water.

They are typically available in 2 forms: carbon block and granular activated carbon. You may also see catalytic carbon mentioned, but it’s just an enhanced form of activated carbon. Unfortunately, this filter type is not effective in removing fluoride by itself.

Option 2 – Ultraviolet

This option may seem high-tech, and in some ways it is. Using a specific wavelength range can remove chlorine from water. Many point-of-entry, or whole house, water systems incorporate UV as one of their many stages of purification.

Whole House Water Filters that Remove Both Fluoride and Chlorine

One of the most important things to look out for when choosing a whole house water system is finding one that filters out both fluoride and chlorine. Unfortunately, there isn’t a magic filter that takes out all contaminants.

A more likely scenario will have you look for systems that use a combination of purification techniques that coincide with your filtration needs.

The best whole house water filter to remove fluoride and chlorine is a multi-tier, and multi-media, water system. Point-of-entry systems are a big deal, and you will have to tap into your home’s water supply line, so you may not find your solution at a big box store.

Consider consulting with a water system specialist to have your water system custom tailored for your needs. This way you can also ensure that it has the correct filters to remove both fluoride and chlorine.

If you do decide to go with a store-bought system, make sure to read the claims carefully. Some systems don’t remove both fluoride and chlorine. Having a carbon filtration stage is a good indicator that both will be removed from your water, but it depends on the type of carbon filter that is included.

Furthermore, keep in mind that a whole house water system may be pricey. So expect to pay more than you would your typical point-of-use, or under sink, unit. Especially if you decide to have your water system custom made. Both the initial system, installation, and the upkeep of filter replacements is an ongoing expense that you may need to factor into your budget.


If you are having trouble deciding between manufacturers or models, go with the one that is certified. There are 3 different certifications to look for when checking out water filtration systems: ANSI, NSF, and EPA.

Systems that are certified by one or all of these organizations go through rigorous testing to make sure the units do what they claim.

Filters To Remove Fluoride and Chlorine 

Firstly, fluoride and chlorine can lead to a variety of diseases as a result of harmful pathogens. Secondly, water just tastes horrible when filled with fluoride and chlorine. 

Here are some of the best water filters on the market that can get rid of up to 99% of these harmful pathogens

1. Aquasana 10-Year, 1,000,000 Gallon Whole House Water Filter with Professional Installation Kit

2. iSpring WKB32B 3-Stage Whole House Water Filtration System

3. Home Master HMF2SDGC Whole House 2-Stage Water Filter


You have a few options if you want to remove harmful contaminants from your family’s drinking water. But the best whole house water filter to remove fluoride and chlorine may come down to personal preference.

Point-of-entry water systems are relatively expensive, so you may need to shop around for the best option and price point for your family’s needs. Take a look at custom systems as well as ones you can buy as a kit, and look at the manufacturer’s claims carefully. Not all systems are created equal.

Finally, make sure that the water filtration system you ultimately go with is certified to meet or exceed ANSI/NSF or EPA standards. 

January 24, 2019

iSpring RCS5T 500 GPD Osmosis Water Filter System Review

iSpring RCS5T 500

If you have to manage or own a small commercial concern, ensuring the quality of the drinking water can easily become a bewildering decision due to all the products on the market. For a business owner, it is important to decide on a product that leaves the customer, as well as the company, satisfied.

To help you make the best decision for your specific environment, we have reviewed the iSpring RCS5T 500 GPD Reverse Osmosis Commercial Grade Tankless Water Filter to see if it will meet the demands of a small business.

iSpring RCS5T 500 Water Filter

iSpring has been in the water purification business for more than 10 years and developed the commercial-grade RCS5T as an affordable investment for small businesses (or even large families) that need constant, high quality water-on-demand for drinking and other applications.

iSpring designed this point-of-use filtration system not only to purify water, but also to ensure that it will handle the higher-pressure requirements of a commercial concern.

Who Is This Water Filter for?

The RCS5T has been designed for commercial use in small companies such as restaurants, coffee shops, small offices, and stores. It will meet the demands of small companies for whom a high-quality supply of water is of optimal importance.

Because this unit is tankless, there are no large storage problems to deal with. However, if you require storage you can always add a tank and storage pump which is sold separately.

Thanks to its built-in booster pump it will not only remove impurities, but also ensure that no matter how high the demand is, there will be a steady high-pressured supply of water without any fuss.

What’s Included?

Everything required to install the unit is included with delivery. This consists of:

  • High-capacity 5-micron 10" polypropylene sediment filter
  • Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) 5-micron 10" filter
  • Carbon Block (CTO) 5-micron 10" filter
  • 500 GPD patented dual-flow .0001 micron Reverse Osmosis Membrane
  • Polishing inline post carbon filter
  • Built-in booster pump
  • Lead-free, long-reach, luxury goose neck faucet.
  • Color-coded and food-grade tubing
  • Installation manual
  • All the accessories required for installation: filter housing wrenches, feed water valve, drain saddle and inserts

Overview of Features

Whereas normal filtration systems only use filters to purify water, those using reverse osmosis use different size filters as well as membrane to catch the tiniest particles in water. The pre-filters are there to ensure that substances such chlorine and sediments that can damage the reverse osmosis membrane are removed prior to the reverse osmosis process.

To save space in confined environments, the unit can easily be installed underneath a counter or sink with dimensions of 14"w x 11"d x 17.5"h and weighing 28lbs.

The iSpring RCS5T 500 is so-named because it processes 500 gallons of water per day, with a filtration ratio of 9ppm. The water-to-waste ratio is 1:1, which means less waste water than most other reverse osmosis products on the market, and therefore a lot more savings over long-term use.

This filtration system uses four canisters and a reverse osmosis film to filter almost all bacteria and impurities from tap water. Water is sent through each canister and while passing through each filter, tinier and tinier particles are trapped and removed.

The process starts when water passes through the first polypropylene sediment filter that is designed to trap different kinds of sediment such as rust, dirt, and silt.  This canister is see-through to make it easier to see if it is blocked and needs replacement.

The next cartridge has a 5-micron GAC (Granulated Activated Carbon) filter that traps chlorine particles as well as other impurities that cause cloudiness, in addition to other pollutants such as mineral oils and phenol.

The treated water then passes through a denser carbon block filter that will remove any residual color, smell, and taste as well as chloramines.

When the water reaches the fourth stage, it is pushed through a patented dual-flow reverse osmosis membrane by high pressure. This semi-permeable membrane has tiny holes (only 0.0001 microns wide) that removes arsenic, lead and other contaminators as well as biological matter.

In the last stage the water is sent through a final polishing filter that ensures that 98% of chemicals, pesticides, and other contaminants are removed.

By the time the water reaches the faucet it is ready to be safely used and consumed. The built-in booster pump ensures that output water pressure is maintained around 10-15 psi. The faucet that comes with the filtration unit has a long-reach goose neck to facilitate easy handling and cleaning.

Unfortunately, this unit does not supply water to any other points, which means that you will not be able to connect kitchen appliances such as coffee machines and ice makers without after-market modifications.


The instruction manual supplies detailed instructions on how to install the system. Installation of the unit will take time but should be manageable for someone who has even just a bit of experience in plumbing.  You can always hire a plumber too to help with the installation.


The iSpring RCS5T can filter 500 gallons per day, but if you would like to explore other filtration units, you might consider the Flexeon 500 GPD Titan Commercial Reverse Osmosis System.

This unit produces 500 gallons per day using big blue sediment and carbon pre-filters and two TFC HF1 membranes. It can distribute purified water to more than one location, so it can be used for different appliances in a kitchen environment or anywhere in your home or office.

The Flexeon’s high quality Fluid-O-Tech pump delivers the water to the membrane under ideal pressure. This system also has pressure gauges that can be monitored if you suspect that your water pressure has decreased and need to know if you have to replace the filters.


The iSpring RCS5T is a well-designed high-quality water filtration system that needs minimal maintenance to keep it running quietly and supplying good quality drinking water for small businesses.

September 9, 2018

APEC Portable Countertop Reverse Osmosis Water Filter Review

APEC Portable Countertop Reverse Osmosis Water Filter Review

Are you looking to improve the taste of tap water in your home? Or perhaps you are concerned about ingesting impurities that can be bad for your health? Either way, the quality of your tap water could probably use some improvement.

So, what is the solution? It can be tough to choose one when there are so many products available on the market. Today, we're here to tell you about the APEC RO-CTOP, an easy to use and effective water filter that is suited for most households.

APEC Portable Countertop Reverse Osmosis Review

The APEC RO-CTOP is a reverse osmosis water filter system. Reverse osmosis (RO) filters are popular because they are usually affordable, safe to use, and able to remove most pollutants from the water while improving its taste. Not surprisingly, this is exactly what this filter does.

It is a portable water filter system, which means you can carry it with you wherever you go, and it fits most standard faucets, with little installation required. The tap water goes in through a tube, passes through the filter, and comes out cleaner and fresher.

People have been using the RO-CTOP since at least 2005, and it is quite popular due to its small size and ease of use. However, the reverse osmosis filter does tend to make the water slightly acidic, although this is hardly noticeable. To address this issue, APEC released the RO-CTOP-PH, which adds calcium carbonate to the filtrated water to safely increase its pH.

Both the RO-CTOP and RO-CTOP-PH can be purchased with a handy aluminum carrying case. The versions with the included case are called RO-CTOP-C and RO-CTOP-PHC, respectively.

Who Is This Water Filter For?

Thanks to its portability (it only weighs 11 pounds), the RO-CTOP is the ideal choice if you travel a lot and like to drink clean water wherever you go.

Its small size (14x6.5x6 inches) also makes it a good option for small apartments or RV's, where it can be complicated to fit larger systems. If you are staying at a rental home, you should also buy one of these, because you may not want to install a more permanent solution.

You would think that such a small piece of equipment would not be enough for everyday use, but it can output an impressive 90 gallons of water per day (at 60 psi pressure). Just remember, the system cannot handle hot water (100º F is the limit).

However, it does not have a storage tank, so you have to store the water beforehand if you need it in short order. So if you require large amounts of clean water on demand, the RO-CTOP is probably not for you.

What’s Included?

The unboxing of the RO-CTOP is quite easy and simple. It includes all the essentials to get the system up and running, as long as you have a standard faucet on your countertop.

Thanks to the included adapters, you can connect the faucet adapter to any male or female 13/16'' or 15/16'' faucet.

Summing up, here are the contents of the package:

  • Installation instruction & owner's manual
  • RO-CTOP equipment, complete with 4 filtration stages
  • Faucet adapter with tubing
  • 13/16'' male thread valve adapter
  • 15/16'' male thread valve adapter
  • Rubber grommet

Unboxing Video

Overview of Features

So let's take a look at what the RO-CTOP is capable of. As we've seen, it is a really handy piece of equipment that you can carry with you anywhere and just leave on a countertop, since it won't take up much space. The numbers do not lie: it weighs only 11 pounds and measures 14x6.5x6 inches.

The system features 4 filtration stages, each one in charge of a different task. Stage 1 is responsible for removing dust, rust, and particles from the water. Stage 2 gets rid of any unwanted odors and colors, along with chlorine.

Stage 3 is the reverse osmosis membrane, where most of the magic happens. It can remove up to 99 percent of total dissolved solids (TDS) contained in the water, along with nasty contaminants like arsenic, chromium, fluoride, lead, radium, selenium, and even bacteria and viruses.

Finally, a stage 4 carbon filter will remove any residual tastes from the water, making it suitable for consumption.

The capacity of the RO-CTOP is impressive. It outputs 90 gallons of water per day at 60 psi or 75 gallons at 50 psi. These numbers were measured at 77º F. It can withstand input water pressures from 35 to 90 psi and temperatures ranging from 40º F to 100º F.

The only missing feature from this filter is a water storage tank, but if you think about it, this would defeat the purpose of portability.

How to Use It

Installation of the RO-CTOP is a breeze, so you probably won't need to call a specialist. There is no need to fiddle around with pipes or large tools, as the filter simply connects to the end of your kitchen faucet. Just keep in mind that it is not compatible with pull-out, sprayer, or special-size designer faucets.

If there is an aerator currently attached to your kitchen faucet, remove it first. Then, you just have to connect the faucet adapter to the kitchen faucet. If the size does not match, you can use one of the provided adapters.

When this is done, remove the red cap from the end of the output tube and you are ready to go! Check out this video if you have any doubts. The instruction manual provided by APEC Water also gives a good description.

As far as maintenance goes, you do need to swap the filter cartridges once in a while. APEC recommends changing stages 1 and 2 of the system every 6 months or 600-800 gallons of water. Stages 3 and 4 require less maintenance since they only need to be replaced every 2 to 3 years.


Because it is a reverse osmosis water filter system, the RO-CTOP tends to slightly acidify the water it filtrates. While the pH change may not be noticeable, it is not ideal, either.

If you also feel this way, you can opt for the RO-CTOP-PH instead. The difference between this system and its older brother is in the 4th filtration stage: the RO-CTOP-PH adds purified calcium carbonate to the water, in order to safely increase its alkalinity.

Alternatively, you may be interested in a less portable solution that provides some water storage capacity to simplify the logistics. The APEC RO-90 is a great alternative: it has a 4-gallon tank, with an additional 14 gallons as an option. This impressive system even has a WQA gold seal certification, which is a symbol of quality, safety, and reliability.


If you are looking for a good water filtration system, especially one that you can carry with you, then the APEC RO-CTOP is definitely a product to consider. It can filter up to 90 gallons of water per day and remove some nasty pollutants from it, such as arsenic, cadmium or lead.

It uses a reverse osmosis system, which is one of the safest and most affordable methods of filtration available. You'll notice a change for the better in the taste and odor of your water.

August 26, 2018

What Is The Best Alkaline Water Filter?

You simply can’t live without water, so it is very important that you pay attention to the quality of the water you drink at your home.

In recent times we’ve seen alkaline water growing to be quite popular because it has a balanced pH and it’s said to be very efficient at doing what water does best - hydrating.

You can purchase it in bottled form, but you can also get a filter designed specifically to turn your tap water into alkaline water. Let’s get you better acquainted with alkaline water and the ways you can get it from your nearest faucet, which depends on you knowing what is the best alkaline water filter.

What Is Alkaline Water?

Alkaline water is ordinary water with a slightly different pH level. It is a lot less acidic than the ordinary tap water that comes out of your faucet.

PH level shows how alkaline or acidic any substance is on a scale from 0 to 14. Any substance with a pH level of 1 is considered to be very acidic, while any other with a pH level of 13 is considered as very alkaline.

Regular tap water is considered to be more on the acidic side of things with its pH level at 7. In most cases, alkaline water is somewhere around 8 or 9 on the pH scale.

According to several reputable sources, plain water is actually better for most people, but there are still those who believe that alkaline water is even better for a person’s overall quality of health.

Without scientific research to back up such claims, it can only be left to one’s individual experience and opinion.

Those who believe in the health benefits of alkaline water usually say that it’s very helpful with cancer resistance, weight loss, proper hydration, detoxifying, improved skin health, improved immune system, colon cleansing, and slowing down the process of aging.

Drinking alkaline water is completely safe, but in some rare cases it may also be associated with certain mild side effects such as confusion, tingling sensations, muscle twitches, hand tremors, nausea, and vomiting.

alkaline water

How to Choose the Right Filter?

Water can become alkaline naturally when it passes over rocks and picks up certain types of minerals, but in that case, you need to purchase it in bottled form.

If you want alkaline water from your faucet at home, you can purchase a specially designed filter.

These devices are also sometimes referred to as water ionizer, and they are very efficient at neutralizing the acid buildup inside your body, and therefore very helpful at reducing blood pressure and acid reflux.

When choosing the one that would suit your needs the best, you need to be extra careful as there are many scams out there. Here are a few of the most important guidelines which will help you understand what is the best alkaline water filter.


These are probably the most important components in any water ionizer. There are two different types of water ionizer, those with single filter and those with dual filters. Obviously, the dual filter systems are far superior to the ones with just one filter.

When shopping around, keep in mind that dual filter units are usually more expensive. Also, when it’s time to change the filters you will need to pay more. Take a look at the manufacturer’s specifications to check the time intervals between filter changes, as that can affect your decision budget-wise as well.


This is the crux of all the controversies surrounding water ionizers. There are a large number of different units out there, with very differing number of plates featured. It is true that ionizers with more plates are also more powerful, but you should steer clear of any ionizer with more than seven plates as that’s likely to be exaggerated in more than one way.

Having five to seven plates will give you the best results, while the units with only three plates are nothing but cheapskate products.

There are also different types of plates, so you should also take this factor into consideration when making a purchase.

Slotted and mesh plates should be avoided, and you should opt for water ionizers which come equipped with flat, solid plates. This is simply due to the fact that they are the most durable and the easiest to clean and maintain.

ORP and pH Range

Any water ionizer worth your time and attention should be able to make water more acidic or alkaline.

ORP or Oxidation Reduction Potential is a way of measuring how efficient water is at reducing harmful free radicals in your body. Always go for ionizer which can give you at least 600 to 800 ORP.

As far as the pH range is concerned, you should definitely choose a device which can provide you with a healthy range from 7 to 11. Some more advanced models on the market even come with predefined pH range modes, where you can choose according to different tasks you want to use your water for, such as cleaning, drinking, cooking, and face cleansing.

Reputation and Warranty

It goes without saying that you should never go for alkaline water filters from companies you have never heard of. Also, if the device doesn’t come with a warranty, it’s probably a scam and you should steer clear of it.

If possible, always go for products from a company that is ISO 9000 certified. As these are not very complicated devices, you should make sure to always pick a model that is warrantied for a minimum of five years.

Different types of product quality certifications are quite important as they confirm that what you’re buying is actually worth your money. Check for certifications such as EPA and BPA.

Big online shopping sites will always feature ratings and customer satisfaction info, so make sure you check those, too. A product with too many negative reviews is most likely bad.

So, What Is The Best Alkaline Water Filter?

1) Bawell Platinum Alkaline Water Ionizer Machine

This is currently one of the best alkaline water filters on the market. It offers a pH range between 2.0 and 12.0. It vastly reduces the oxidation levels in your body thanks to its ORP -800 range. 

Both the pre-activated carbon filter and granular activated carbon filter can eliminate a range of contaminants like harmful pesticides, chlorine, industrial solvents often found in tap water, chlorinated hydrocarbons, volatile organic compounds, benzene, arsenic, radon, lead, mercury, chromium, and bad odors and taste caused by  pollutants.

Only downside is the price. You're paying a premium price because of its advanced features. Expect to pay about $2,200 in certain stores and about $1500 online for the [easyazon_link identifier="B008IXRY6Y" locale="US" nw="y" tag="slehacins-20" cart="n" popups="y"]Bawell Platinum Alkaline Water Ionizer Machine[/easyazon_link].

[easyazon_image align="center" cart="y" height="500" identifier="B008IXRY6Y" locale="US" nw="y" nf="n" src="" tag="slehacins-20" width="446"]

2) Air Water Life Aqua Ionizer Deluxe

It uses a total of 5 titanium coated plates. This ensures as much water as possible is passing through the system when it undergoes electrolysis. The antioxidant potential is between -600 and +600 ORP. You always want to check the  negative value as this value represents the level of anti-oxidation that the water possesses. The pH level ranges between 4.5 and 11.0. The [easyazon_link identifier="B01836UGZ6" locale="US" nw="y" tag="slehacins-20" cart="n" popups="y"]Air Water Life Aqua Ionizer Deluxe[/easyazon_link] is also more budget friendly than the Bawell. 

[easyazon_image align="center" cart="y" height="500" identifier="B01836UGZ6" locale="US" nw="y" nf="n" src="" tag="slehacins-20" width="500"]

What Is Alkaline Water?

If you want to improve the overall quality of your health by drinking only alkaline water, you can easily do so by purchasing a water ionizer. Hopefully, we’ve helped you find out what is the best alkaline water filter for you.

July 13, 2018

iSpring RCC1UP 6-Stage Maximum Performance Under-Sink Reverse Osmosis Drinking Water Filtration System Review

The iSpring RCC1UP water filter is great for well water

Do you think about your diet often? Do you worry about what you are eating and make sure you get the necessary amount of recommended nutrients every day? What about contaminating agents or foul substances that may be in your food if its quality is not tightly controlled?

If you worry about these issues, maybe you ought to think about the water you are drinking, too. Some studies have shown that, over the last decade, about one-fifth of the United States population was exposed to water from sources that violated certain key provisions of the Safe Drinking Water Act.

So, how do you drink tap water at your home safely? Well, one of the best ways is to install a reverse osmosis water filter system under your kitchen sink. We recommend a reverse osmosis filter because they are relatively inexpensive and quite effective in the disposal of contaminants. Today, we're taking a look at the iSpring RCC1UP.

iSpring RCC1UP 6-Stage Review

This filtration system, like most reverse osmosis filters, is meant to filtrate the water that comes out of your kitchen faucet, instead of filtrating water for the whole house. Its purpose is to make the water perfectly safe for human consumption.

Due to their size, this type of systems is too big to have on top of your counter but thankfully small enough to fit under the kitchen sink. Some have a storage tank to always keep a reserve of clean water, and that is the case of the filter we're reviewing.

Since its release, the iSpring RCC1UP 6-Stage has undergone quite a few upgrades, which shows the company cares about their customers. A new faucet, RO membrane, feed water adapter and automatic shut-off valve were introduced; the booster pump, storage tank valve, and post carbon filter were upgraded; a flow sensor switch and water flood alarm were added to the UV filter; and the user manual was updated.

Who Is This Water Filter For?

Obviously, this filter is indicated to everyone who wants to improve the quality of their tap water and make it safe for consumption. But in this case, you'll have to be willing to spend a bit more than the price of a basic reverse osmosis filter, but for good reason: the system includes useful features like a storage tank, a booster pump to increase the water pressure, and 6 stages of filtration, as opposed to the usual 5 stages.

Consequently, this filter is not for those who are tight on budget or don't require advanced features like the booster pump. This could be the case if your house has good water pressure, to begin with.

What’s Included?

The packaging of this filter seems carefully thought out, as it contains pretty much everything you would expect with this type of product, including some of the tools necessary for installation. It does not include absolutely everything you need for the installation, as there are some household tools you have to acquire, if you’re not already in your toolbox.

The package contents are:

  • User manual
  • 3 pre-filters for filtration stages 1, 2, and 3
  • 3 filters for filtration stages 4, 5, and 6
  • Brushed nickel faucet
  • 3.2-gallon water storage tank
  • Booster pump (pre-installed)
  • 1/4-inch tubing
  • Automatic shut-off valve
  • Check valve

Installation tools and parts:

  • Filter housing wrench
  • Membrane wrench
  • Drain saddle
  • Feed water valve
  • Tank ball valve
  • Additional inserts and fittings

Overview of Features

With 6 stages of filtration, the iSpring RCC1UP 6-Stage has plenty going for it. Let's start with the size: the total package is not small, at 17x14x23 inches and weighing 36 pounds. If you take out the storage tank and accessories, the filtration system itself accounts for 14.5x7x19 inches.

The storage tank can hold up to 3.2 gallons of purified water, while the system can output 100 GPD at 50 to 60 psi (measured at 77º F). Thanks to the included booster pump, however, you can have water supply pressures as low as 45 psi and still output decent amounts of water.

Remember that the RCC1UP cannot intake hot water. The temperature of the water should be between 40 and 100º F and the pH should be between 3.1 and 11.0. The system should also be connected to a 110V power source for the booster pump and UV light to work.

Now let's take a look at the filtering stages, which do a great job of relieving the water of all nasty things. First, we have a sediment filter to remove visible detritus from the water, such as rust, dust, and particles. This is followed by a granular activated carbon filter that removes chlorine from the water, along with foul odors, tastes, and smells. The third stage is a carbon block that has the same job as stage 2, for a more thorough cleaning.

At stage 4 we have the reverse osmosis membrane. It gets rid of contaminants like arsenic, asbestos, cadmium, mercury, uranium, and more than you can name. The filter has impressive rejection rates, above 90 percent for almost every substance listed in the specs.

Stage 5 consists of a post-carbon filter, that basically disposes of any tastes and odors that would still remain after 4 filtration stages. And if this wasn't enough, stage 6 finishes it off with a UV light that kills any dangerous microorganisms in the water, like bacteria and viruses.

How to Use It

Installation of the RCC1UP can be tricky, so don't try to do it yourself if you are not experienced with plumbing. In this case, it is best to hire a plumber to do the job for you. In any case, here's a video tutorial to walk you through the installation steps.

Keep in mind that this type of system requires some maintenance. The filter cartridges in stages 1-3 should be replaced every 3 to 6 months, depending on the quality of your water. Stage 5 should be replaced every year, and the UV light on stage 6 should be replaced when the light goes out, which should also be once a year.

The reverse osmosis membrane is the one that requires the least maintenance, as it only needs to be replaced every 2 to 3 years. For more information about this, you can always check the user manual.


One problem with most reverse osmosis water filter systems is that they tend to slightly acidify the water because they remove some beneficial minerals from it. If you are worried about this, then you should probably try the iSpring RCC1UP. It is slightly more expensive but has an additional alkaline mineralization stage that replenishes some of the lost minerals to increase the water's pH.


There may be some issues with the quality of household water, but at least nowadays we have viable solutions to drink tap water and not worry too much about our health. We took a look at one of these solutions, the iSpring RCC1UP. Its price tag may be a bit above other reverse osmosis systems, but it is mighty impressive when it comes to purifying water and making it safe to drink. It even includes a pump to increase water pressure and a storage tank to always have fresh water available. In our opinion, it is totally worth the investment.

June 30, 2018

How Does Groundwater Become Polluted

How Does Groundwater Become Polluted

Groundwater is water beneath the surface of the earth, that has seeped down through soil layers above, through spaces in soil and fissures in stone, collecting in aquifers below the ground. This water naturally returns to the surface of the soil through springs and wetlands, and is replenished with rainfall.

For centuries, the active filtration of these layers of soil and stone were sufficient to purify the groundwater, making the water that emerged from springs clean and fresh. However, many human activities pollute the soil. These pollutants either seep down themselves into the aquifer or contaminate rain water as it penetrates the soil and are carried down into the groundwater. This can render the spring water unsafe for humans or animals to drink.

Difference Between Contamination and “Pollution

Groundwater contamination is generally used to refer to water that is unsafe to drink due to natural causes. Fluoride, arsenic, and nitrate are harmful natural compounds that can seep into groundwater. Contamination can also be caused by animal feces that may contain pathogens that filter into the water.

Groundwater pollution is generally used to refer to water that is unsafe to drink due to human activity. Fertilizers and pesticides, industrial leaks, sewage, and similar human activities all have a harmful effect on groundwater.

How Does Groundwater Become Polluted

Causes of Groundwater Pollution

There are hundreds of potential causes and sources of groundwater pollution, large and small. Groundwater can get polluted through many of the daily activities that we may take for granted, such as:

  • Road and runway salting and de-icing
  • Car washes, auto repair shops, and paint yards
  • Manufacturing of chemicals, electronics, and petroleum products
  • Landfills, junkyards, and recycling sites

In junkyards and auto repair shops, it's common for oil to be spilled or to leak gradually into the ground. In salting and de-icing, large quantities of salt or chemicals are sprayed onto roads and runways, where they leak into the ground as ice melts. Dry cleaning, photography, furniture refinishing, and medical care often involve specific solvents, chemicals, and compounds that can cause pollution when they aren't properly disposed of.

While all these factors contribute incrementally to groundwater pollution, the biggest contributors to large-scale groundwater pollution are:

Sewage and septic leaks. In places where sewage or septic facilities are inadequate or in poor repair, pathogens from human waste can seep into and pollute groundwater. Whether modern sewage treatment or septic systems develop a leak or discharge poorly-filtered materials into surface water, or whether less developed areas use pit latrines located near wells for drinking water, groundwater can get polluted by human waste and cause a variety of health issues, including skin lesions and dermatitis as well as intestinal problems.

Fertilizers and pesticides. Modern agricultural practices often include sweeping use of fertilizers and pesticides on acres of land at a time. Only a fraction of the nitrogen in fertilizers is used by the plants, leaving high levels of nitrate in the soil, potentially seeping down into the groundwater.

Often animal manure also contains residues of pharmaceuticals used in veterinary drugs, which can then enter groundwater. While many commercial pesticides have reduced risk of entering groundwater, the insecticide monocrotophos is persistent, soluble, and does not bind with minerals in soils, meaning that it can reach groundwater and potentially drinking water.

The effects of pesticides on groundwater are not well known due to the high cost of conducting analysis.

Commercial and industrial leaks. Mining and metal processing have both been shown to pollute groundwater, including increasing concentrations of arsenic. In addition, we store gasoline, oil, and chemicals in large underground tanks.

There are an estimated 10 million of these tanks in the United States, and they risk groundwater pollution in two ways: because they are underground, a leak may be undetected for longer than if the storage tanks were aboveground and visible. And because they are underground, potential leaks are closer to the water table, reducing the natural filtration of the aquifer.

Hydraulic fracturing. Hydraulic fracturing is the process of injecting high-pressure fluid to create cracks in deep rock formations. While there is debate about the degree to which fracking pollutes groundwater, with some studies finding elevated levels of methane, ethane, and propane gasses, as well as increased concentrations of helium and other noble gasses near fracking sites, the United States Environmental Protection Agency has not found evidence of a widespread, systemic impact on the quality of groundwater due to fracking.

Of potentially greater concern are the repeated spills of enormous volumes of fracking fluids at fracking sites, with major spills causing massive species deaths and home evacuations. Fracking fluid is generally made of water, solid materials, polymers, surfectants, friction reducers, biocides, and often radioactive tracer isotopes.

Controversially, hydraulic fracking fluid was specifically excluded from the 2005 American Clean Water Act, a decision believed to be due to lobbying from special interest groups.

How Does Groundwater Become Polluted

What Can We Do About Groundwater Pollution? 

While everyone can do their part to dispose properly of their household waste and chemicals, plant native plants, and conserve water, the truth is, the causes of groundwater pollution aren't due to the efforts and activities of most private individuals. If you want to prevent groundwater pollution, you have to get involved:

  • Support the EPA and write to your political representatives, from your county to Washington DC, encouraging them to make water protection an important part of their agenda.
  • Research companies that use environmentally responsible practices and support them. Let irresponsible companies know, publicly, using social media, that they have to be environmentally responsible and transparent about their manufacturing processes and materials.
  • Get involved with advocacy groups and NGOs that are lobbying for change.

Video: Groundwater Contamination Explained 

Brondell H2O+ Reverse Osmosis Water Filter System Review

Brondell H2O+

If you want the closest to 100% clean drinking water, chances are you’re not going to get there without a reverse osmosis (RO) filter. Filtering water through RO is the most efficient method approved by government institutions. The only downside with some systems is that they tend to have a high water waste rate.

This article will present you with one of the few RO units that don’t have this drawback. It is a point-of-use filtration unit that comes with a water tank and supports a decent water pressure range. Here are the details on how it works and how you can get your hands on it.

Brondell H2O+ Review

The Circle system from Brondell is a rather new product. It first hit the market in the summer of 2015. It was designed to be efficient at cleaning water with less waste water than other RO units. Since its release it has managed to maintain its popularity among customers, and for good reason.

RO filtration units are the most effective by far at eliminating heavy metals, chlorine and fluoride from water. What makes the Brondell Circle even better is that the RO membrane is also accompanied by a sediment filter and two carbon filters. This way it tackles more contaminants than most products in this category.

While it may not be the easiest to install for everyone, it can still be a DIY project if you follow the instructions carefully. The customer support team at Brondell did a great job at providing instructional videos and accompanying texts and diagrams in the manual.

What’s even cooler about this system is the water storage tank. This fills up in about one hour and allows you to have clean, ready-to-drink water at all times. Most RO filtration units tend to mess with pressure levels and limit flow rate due to the inefficient process of pushing water through the RO membrane, and the Circle is no different.

Brondell H2O+

Who is This Water Filter for?

Despite its rather bulky appearance, the Brondell H2O+ Circle is a water system filter that can fit under almost any kitchen sink. So whether you live in a small apartment or a large house, you can benefit just as much from having the Circle system installed.

The installation process can be a bit more complicated if some requirements are not met. You might need drilling and extra accessories to fully integrate the Circle in your home. Because of this, it might not be a good fit for people looking for a DIY project, even though the instructional videos are quite detailed.

The Circle has four filtering stages which can deliver exceptional quality drinking water. That being said, it is only a point-of-use system so it won’t affect the rest of the water in your house. If you have trouble with sediment concentration damaging your appliances or chlorine gas release in the shower, the Brondell Circle will not be enough.

What’s Included?

All parts needed for installation are included but you’ll have to supply your own tools or call out a professional plumber. This is what you will find included with your purchase:

  • Chrome faucet
  • Led indicator that shows when to change the filter
  • Twist and seal filters
  • RO membrane
  • Sediment filter
  • Two carbon filters
  • 1x CR2 battery